A 2-gram sodium diet means eating less than 2,000 milligrams (mg) or 2 grams of sodium a day. Sodium is found in salt and in small amounts in most other foods. One teaspoon of salt contains 2,400 mg of sodium. Eating too much sodium can make your blood pressure go up and can cause other health problems related to fluid retention. You should limit the sodium in your food if you have high blood pressure or heart failure. Liver problems or kidney disease are other reasons to limit sodium in foods you eat. Women with PMS and bloating, breast tenderness, and swelling can especially benefit from a low sodium diet!
Do not add salt to food during cooking or before eating. Check with your caregivers before using salt-free
Limit milk, yogurt, and cheese to 2 servings a day. Regular cheese contains a medium to high amount of salt. If you eat cheese, buy low sodium kinds as often as possible.
Read labels on all packaged foods to check for sodium. Fast food and processed packaged foods are often high in sodium. Buy low salt or low sodium foods whenever possible.
Avoid regular canned soups or soups made from dry mixes. Buy low sodium soups or make your own at home without salt.
Many stores now have low sodium breads, canned vegetables, canned fish, cheeses, crackers, salad dressings, soups, and snacks.
Only buy frozen meals that have less than 400 mg of sodium per serving.
Check labels of medicines for sodium contents. Ask your doctor or caregiver if you are not sure about taking
Avoid high sodium foods. Instead, eat the lower sodium.
Helpful portion sizes:
1 cup (8 ounces) of food is the size of a large handful.
½ cup (4 ounces) of food is about half of a large handful.
2 tablespoons (Tbsp) is about the size of a large walnut.
1½ cups (12 ounces) of liquid is the size of a soda-pop can.
Helpful hints to making good choices about sodium.
Keep deli meats to a minimum. Fresh cooked meat is preferable; so as an alternative, make your own sandwich meat.
Limit your number of starches
Avoid canned meats, soups, and vegetables as much as possible
High Sodium Foods [Do NOT drink/eat]
Beverages Breads & Starches
bouillon, broth, or consommé breads & crackers with salted tops such as saltine crackers
Gatorade boxed potato, rice, casserole mixes
regular tomato or vegetable juices salted popcorn or pretzel
malted milk chips (potato, corn, tortilla) or salad croutons
seltzer water with sodium or softened water instant hot cereals, mashed potatoes, or stuffing mixes
Dairy pancakes, biscuits, or waffles from mixes
butter, condensed, or malted milk bacon, bacon drippings, or imitation bacon bits
Meats/Protein Foods chip dips made with regular cheese
ham, hot dogs, sausages olives
anchovies, lox, caviar regular salad dressings
barbecued meat made with salt salted butter or margarine
chipped or corned beef Vegetables
salted or smoked meats & fish vegetables with cream or cheese sauces
salted nuts or peanut butter dill pickles, pickled beets, onions, or carrots
regular cottage cheese sauerkraut
lunch meats, cold cuts, deli meats Fruits
Others salted plums (umeboshi)
salsa, hot sauce, chili sauce with salt fruit chutneys with salt
baking soda and powder, self-rising flour maraschino cherries
barbecue sauce or steak sauce
gravies, sauces from mixes
meat tenderizers or monosodium glutamate
oriental foods with salt - i.e. soy, teriyaki sauce
relishes, prepared horseradish sauce
coffee, tea, iced tea 1 cup fresh milk
flavored bubbly water without sodium 1 cup hot cocoa made from mix
fruit juices as listed in the fruit group 1 ounce (1 inch cube) mozzarella or Swiss cheese
Breads & Starches 1 cup yogurt
whole grain bread ½ cup ricotta cheese or low sodium cottage cheese
½ bagel, hot dog bun, hamburger bun, or English muffin Fats
½ cup cooked past, mashed potatoes, or rice 1/8 avocado
3 cups popped popcorn, no salt 1 tsp olive oil
¾ cup dry flake cereal 1 Tbsp low sodium salad dressing or mayonnaise
½ cup cooked non-instant hot cereal 2 Tbsp low fat sour cream
1 ounce unsalted chips or snacks 1 tsp unsalted butter
1 ounce unsalted crackers or pretzels 1/4 cup unsalted gravy
2 Tbsp unsalted nuts
½ cup fruit juice fresh cooked beef, pork, fish, seafood, or poultry
1½ cup fresh berries low sodium deli meats or lunch meats
1 medium apple, banana, orange, peach, or pear low sodium canned tuna or salmon
15 small grapes 1 large egg equals 1 ounce of meat
¼ cup dried fruit made without salt 2 inch cube of tofu equals 1 ounce of meat
Vegetables 2 Tbsp unsalted peanut butter = 1 ounce of meat
fresh peppers, jalapeños, garlic Others
½ cup cooked fresh or frozen vegetables barbecue sauce made without salt
1 cup low sodium tomato or vegetable juice herbs, spices, onion or garlic powder
2 cups salad greens lemon pepper w/out salt
½ cup salt-free salsa low sodium ketchup or mustard
salt-free herb blends i.e- curry powder,
Cajun seasoning, Chinese spice, Italian herbs,
or chili powder
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